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Sports Betting Glossary: Understanding Betting Terms


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Sports betting is an exciting and dynamic activity enjoyed by millions of people worldwide. Whether you’re a seasoned bettor or just starting, understanding the terminology used in sports betting is essential for making informed wagers and navigating the world of odds, bets, and bookmakers. In this comprehensive glossary, we’ll break down common 스포츠배팅 terms to help you become a more knowledgeable and confident bettor.

Accumulator (or Parlay)

An accumulator, also known as a parlay or combo bet, is a single wager that combines multiple individual bets. To win an accumulator bet, all individual bets within the combination must be successful. While the potential payout increases with more bets added, the risk also grows, as a single losing bet results in the entire accumulator bet failing.

Against the Spread (ATS)

When betting against the spread, you are wagering on the margin of victory or defeat in a sporting event. In games like American football and basketball, the spread is a set number of points by which a favorite is expected to win. Betting “against the spread” means you believe the underdog will either win or lose by less than the spread.

Arbitrage Betting

Arbitrage betting, often called “arbing,” is a strategy where a bettor places multiple bets on different outcomes of the same event with different bookmakers to guarantee a profit, regardless of the result. This is possible due to variations in odds offered by different bookmakers.


Your bankroll refers to the total amount of money you have set aside for sports betting. It’s essential to manage your bankroll wisely, determining how much to wager on each bet and setting limits to avoid significant losses.

Bookmaker (or Sportsbook)

A bookmaker, often referred to as a sportsbook, is a company or entity that accepts and manages sports bets. Bookmakers set odds, accept wagers, and pay out winnings to bettors. They play a central role in the sports betting ecosystem.

Betting Exchange

A betting exchange is an online platform that allows bettors to bet against each other rather than against the bookmaker. These exchanges facilitate peer-to-peer betting, where users can both back (bet for) and lay (bet against) outcomes.


In sports betting, “chalk” refers to the favorite, often a team or competitor with the highest probability of winning an event. Betting on the “chalk” means placing a wager on the favorite.

Closing Line

The closing line represents the final odds offered by a sportsbook just before an event begins. It is considered a valuable indicator of market sentiment and is used by bettors to gauge line movement and make informed decisions.


When a team or competitor covers the spread, it means they have exceeded the expected margin of victory or defeat. For example, if a team is a 3-point favorite and wins by 4 points, they have covered the spread.

Double Chance

Double chance betting allows you to cover two possible outcomes of an event in a single bet. For instance, you can bet on a team to win or draw a soccer match, reducing the risk compared to a straight win bet.

Decimal Odds

Decimal odds, commonly used in Europe, represent the potential payout for every unit wagered. To calculate potential winnings, multiply your stake by the decimal odds. For example, with odds of 2.00, a $100 bet would yield a $200 payout (including the original stake).

Dog (or Underdog)

The underdog, often referred to as the “dog,” is the team or competitor expected to lose in a sporting event. Betting on the underdog can yield higher payouts, as they are not the favored side.

Each-Way Bet

Commonly used in horse racing, an each-way bet consists of two equal parts: one for the selection to win and the other for the selection to place (usually in the top 2, 3, or 4, depending on the race conditions). This bet provides a payout if the selection wins or finishes in the specified place positions.


When odds are described as “evens” or “even money,” it means the potential payout is equal to the amount wagered. For example, a $100 bet at evens odds would yield a $100 profit if the bet is successful, resulting in a total return of $200.


Favorites are the teams or competitors expected to win an event based on bookmakers’ odds and predictions. They are often indicated by negative odds, such as -150, which means you need to wager $150 to win $100.

Future Bet (or Futures)

A future bet, also known as a futures bet, is a wager placed on an event or outcome that will occur in the distant future. Common examples include betting on the winner of a championship or tournament before the season starts.

First Half (1H) and Second Half (2H) Betting

First half and second half betting allows you to wager on the outcome of only the specified half of a game or match, rather than the full event. This type of betting is popular in sports like basketball and football.

Handicap (or Point Spread)

A handicap, also known as a point spread, is a numerical advantage or disadvantage given to a team or competitor to level the playing field in sports betting. The favorite receives a negative handicap, while the underdog receives a positive handicap.


Hedging is a betting strategy where you place additional bets to minimize potential losses or guarantee a profit, often used when you have an existing bet with significant potential outcomes.


In sports betting, the term “hook” refers to half a point added to or subtracted from a point spread to prevent a push (tie). For example, a spread of -3.5 points includes the hook to avoid a tie result.


This sports betting glossary provides a foundational understanding of essential terms and concepts used in sports wagering. Whether you’re a novice bettor or a seasoned pro, having a grasp of these terms is crucial for making informed decisions, understanding betting odds, and navigating the diverse world of sports betting options. As you continue your sports betting journey, expanding your knowledge of these terms will contribute to a more enjoyable and successful betting experience.

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